The proposed changes aim at improving the legal framework governing the field of electronic signature, electronic document and trusted services.
Namely, through the amendments to these draft laws, we have introduced the electronic seal concept as a guarantee for the legal validity of the electronic document, as well as the electronic signature. If the electronic signature contains the attributes of a natural person, the electronic seal contains the attributes of a legal person.
The electronic seal comes as a solution to facilitate the provision of services through automatic systems, for which we have made major investments these years and are functional, in order to facilitate the benefits of providing services to the citizens.
Today, on the unique government portal e-Albania, about 800 electronic services are offered, most of which, because of the lack of electronic seal, the documents obtained through this portal have no legal value. Every public institution, with electronic stamping, for automated processes, can now issue different documents that have the same value as the physical ones.
Legal changes also affect the activity of qualified service providers who are subjects that offer safe products (electronic signature, electronic seal, electronic identification etc.) to transfer part of their activity under the supervision of the Authority . The process of equipping with a safe product involves three phases: 1. Accurate identification of applicants; 2. Generating Certificates that contain NE, EID or Electronic Seals; 3. Submission of the mean that holds the electronic certificates.
The transfer of one of these services facilitates the subjects, in the conditions of impossibility, to complete them. This difficulty has been encountered by the service provider entities during the practice of their activity. In the basic law the transfer is foreseen in a very rigid form, only through another service provider, while this change opens new opportunities in the same security conditions. The transfer of services in no case does not exclude from the responsibility the Qualified Provider of the Trusted Service and the whole process is guaranteed under the supervision of the Authority.
Another innovation that brings about changes in these draft laws is recognition of products from EU countries, which until now has not worked, causing difficulties to businesses that focus their activities on imports. Any goods associated with an electronic document from EU countries faced the business with difficulties in getting acquainted with the local authorities by requesting the transport of goods with physical documents.